Mt. Makalu (8481 meters / 27,825 feet) is fifth highest peak of the world and Mt. Everest's proud neighbor. It’s presence graces throughout the trek. The Makalu Barun National Park established in 1992 is 1500 square kilometers of unexplored land in eastern Nepal. The Barun Valley stretches east from Solukhumbu National Park, passing through Tibet's high plateau and a deep sub-tropical gorge formed by the Arun River. As a result of a bilateral agreement between Nepal and China, this distant territory is classified as an International Protected Area. Solukhumbu and Sankhuwasabha are the two districts that make up the Makalu Barun National Park.
The Barun Valley trek begins in Tumlingtar and travels down the Barun River Valley, passing through various villages and over high altitude passes like as Shipton La Pass (4220m), Keke La Pass I (4150m) and the midnight blue Kalipokhri Lake. Makalu Base Camp is the highest point on this trek (5000m). The adventure begins in the center of Makalu-Barun Valley National Park. There are so many different sceneries on the trail that no two days are the same. High waterfalls cascade into deep valleys and lush forests are nestled between massive rocky outcroppings. Colorful alpine flowers flourish in broad fields of rock and rubble at higher elevations. Much of the trail is desolate, requiring tent camping. Sleeping outside in the shadow of the Himalayas offers an extra layer of adventure. You will have a more intimate encounter with Mother Nature. Recognize that you do not exist in isolation from nature, but rather in partnership with it.
The track gradually ascends from broadleaf forests to highland shrub and meadow environment. The great range of plants and animals in the Barun Valley will be presented to you as you embark on this journey. Enjoy one of the 3,000 flowering plants (including 25 different rhododendron kinds!). Look out for some of the 440 bird species, as well as the endangered snow leopard, red panda, musk deer, wild boar, and other animals! Because certain species can only be found here and nowhere else on the planet, it has been dubbed a "living laboratory" for scientific research by certain scientists.
Trekking is available all year, but the finest seasons are spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November). The rhododendrons are blossoming in the Spring, while the skies are often clearer in the Autumn months. However, there are fewer tourists during the monsoon season. Each season has its own set of advantages. To avoid serious mountain sickness, the Barun Valley Trek requires moderate fitness or acclimatization.