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Bhutan, the Land of the Thunder Dragon, lies towards the eastern extreme of the Himalayas mountain range. It is evenly sandwiched between the sovereign territory of two nations: China and India.
The Himalayas lie in the north of the country, where peaks can easily reach 7000 meters. The highest point of Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum which is also the highest unclimbed mountain in the world at 7,570 meters. Below the highest peaks lies an Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows on large scale, which contains, in addition to grasslands, a wide variety of rhododendron and herbaceous plants.
The extreme southern strip of the nation consists mostly of Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests that merge into the tropical plains of the Terai. Bhutan was not known to many western travelers until 1960. They rarely visited this country till that date. But after 1960 the western travelers started their venture in this land. The fascination of the novel and unknown destination still continues to enthrall visitors.
Thus the centuries of isolation, small population, and topographical extremes have led to Bhutan maintaining one of the most intact ecosystems in the world. The country rank amongst the top ten countries in the world in terms of species density. Over 5500 varieties of plant life exist, including around 300 medicinal ones. About 680 species of avifauna and more than 200 species of mammals are known to exist in Bhutan, including rare and endangered species like the red panda, snow leopard, and golden langur.
Bhutan can be an excellent opportunity to have an insight into the livelihood, cultures, traditions, ecology and religious life of the population that had been isolated for centuries. Bhutanese are also rich in terms of arts and architecture. Their art and architecture are mainly rooted in Buddhism.
Most of the features of Bhutan are ancient temple dzongs (fortress), heritage museums & monasteries. One of the landmarks of Bhutan is the - Taktsang monastery or Tiger’s Nest monastery, located at the high cliff and is associated with the legend Guru Rinpoche. This monastery is incredibly sacred to Buddhists.
Festivals observed in Bhutan, namely - Parotsechu, Tangbimani festival, Thimpu festivals, etc. have myths associated which are unique and have been passed down oral or written. Similarly, these traditions have been practiced from immemorial time.
With massive mountain ranges, fertile terrain and thickly dense forest, unique cultural sites comprising ancient arts and architecture, rich traditions Bhutan can be relished all year round which adds the beauty of this nation.